BIOL 2401
Anatomy & Physiology I

Western Texas College

  1. Basic Course Information
    1. Lecture Course Description: Anatomy and Physiology I is the first part of a two course sequence. It is a study of the structure and function of the human body including cells, tissues and organs of the following systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous and special senses. Emphasis is on interrelationships among systems and regulation of physiological functions involved in maintaining homeostasis.
    2. Lab Course Description: The required lab provides a hands-on learning experience for exploration of human system components and basic physiology. Systems to be studied include integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and special senses.
    3. Required Pre-requisite: None
    4. Required grade for enrolling in the next course in this sequence: None
  2. Student Learning Outcomes
    1. Use anatomical terminology to identify and describe locations of major organs of each system covered.
    2. Explain interrelationships among molecular, cellular, tissue, and organ functions in each system.
    3. Describe the interdependency and interactions of the systems.
    4. Explain contributions of organs and systems to the maintenance of homeostasis.
    5. Identify causes and effects of homeostatic imbalances.
    6. Describe modern technology and tools used to study anatomy and physiology.
    7. Apply appropriate safety and ethical standards.
    8. Locate and identify anatomical structures.
    9. Appropriately utilize laboratory equipment, such as microscopes, dissection tools, general lab ware, physiology data acquisition systems, and virtual simulations.
    10. Work collaboratively to perform experiments.
    11. Demonstrate the steps involved in the scientific method.
    12. Communicate results of scientific investigations, analyze data and formulate conclusions.
    13. Use critical thinking and scientific problem-solving skills, including, but not limited to, inferring, integrating, synthesizing, and summarizing, to make decisions, recommendations and predictions.
  3. Testing Requirements
    1. On-campus: All exams are given during scheduled lecture time
    2. Online: Standard exams and the final exam must be proctored by an approved testing organization.  (Ask your instructor for more details.)
    3. No outside materials are allowed during standard exams or the final
    4. All standard exams and the final are timed
  4. Course Requirements
    1. Lecture:
      1. 11 multiple-choice quizzes
      2. 4 long-form responses to prompts based on current A&P articles
      3. 3 non-cumulative multiple-choice lecture standard exams
      4. 1 cumulative multiple-choice final exam
    2. Lab:
      1. Campus – 13 Labs
      2. Online – 12 Labs
      3. 1 cumulative lab final with practical
  5. Information on Books and Other Course Materials
    1. Required Book (all sections):  Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11th ed. by Marieb and Hoehn ISBN – 9780134580999
    2. Lab (campus): Anatomy and Physiology 1 Custom Manual ISBN – 9781323960271
    3. Lab (online): Hands on Labs Custom Kit Kit# - LP-3329-AP-01
  6. Grading Breakdown
Types of Assignments


Not Proctored

In-Class Assignments



Chapter Quizzes



Article Questions



Lab Activities



Lab Final Exam



Lecture Standard Exams



Lecture Final Exam









  1. Other Policies, Procedures and important Dates - Please refer to the WTC Catalog for the following.
    1. Campus Calendar
    2. Final exam schedule
    3. How to drop a class
    4. Withdrawal information
    5. Student Conduct/Academic Integrity
    6. Students with disabilities
  2. Course Content

Weekly Overview

Topics Covered

1 – Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

Form and function, organization of life, emergent properties, homeostasis, survival needs

2 – The Chemistry of Life

Energy, chemical bonds, hydrogen bonds, organic and inorganic compounds, biologically important macromolecules

3 – The Cell

Cellular structure, plasma membrane function, cytoplasm components, nucleus composition, cell cycle

4 – Tissues

Major classifications of tissues, function of tissues, tissue repair

5 – The Integumentary System

Integumentary system, epidermis and dermis, specialized integumentary structures, glands, function of skin

6 – Bones

Function of bone, classification of bones, structure of bone, synthesis of bone, bone development, bone repair, bone disorders

7 – The Skeletal System

The skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, appendicular skeleton, limb physiology, joint classification, joint physiology

8 – Muscles

Muscle tissue, muscle function, chemical basis of muscle function, muscle contractions, action potentials

9 – Nerves and neurons

Function of the nervous system, neuroglia, neuron structure, electrical potential, synapses, nervous processing

10 – The Central Nervous System

Brain development, regions of the brain, brain function, protection of the brain, spinal cord function

11 – The Peripheral Nervous System

Peripheral nervous system, sensory processing, nerve structure, integration, motor control, reflex pathways, autonomic nervous system, parasympathetic and sympathetic systems, ANS regulation

12 – The Special Senses

Vision, hearing, taste, olfaction, equilibrium



Last Modified: August 22, 2019