BIOLOGY 1406
Biology for Science Majors I

Western Texas College

  1. Basic Course Information
    1. Lecture-- Fundamental principles of living organisms will be studied, including physical and chemical properties of life, organization, function, evolutionary adaptation, and classification. Concepts of cytology, reproduction, genetics, and scientific reasoning are included.
    2. Lab—The required laboratory activities will reinforce the lecture material.
    3. Any required Co-requisite: MATH 1314 or its equivalent.
    4. Required grade for enrolling in the next course in this sequence: None
  2. Student Learning Outcomes
    1. Apply scientific reasoning to investigate questions and utilize scientific tolls such as microscopes and laboratory equipment to collect and analyze data.
    2. Use critical thinking and scientific problem-solving to make informed decisions in the laboratory.
    3. Communicate effectively the results of scientific investigations.
    4. Describe the characteristics of life.
    5. Explain the methods of inquiry used by scientist.
    6. Identify the basic properties of substances needed for life.
    7. Compare and contrast the structures, reproduction, and characteristics of viruses, prokaryotic cells, and eukaryotic cells.
    8. Describe the structure of cell membranes and the movement of molecules across membrane.
    9. Identify the substrates, products, and important chemical pathways in metabolism.
    10. Identify the principles of inheritance and solve classical genetic problems.
    11. Identify the chemical structures, synthesis, and regulation of nucleic acids and proteins.
    12. Describe the unity and diversity of life and the evidence for evolution through natural selection.
    13. Identify the basic requirements of life and the properties of the major molecules needed for life.
  3. Testing Requirements
    1. The Chapter Test and Final exam must be proctored by an approved testing organization.  (Ask you instructor for more details.)
    2. Students are NOT allowed to use their book or notes of any kind while taken their proctored tests and exam.
    3. All Chapter Tests and the comprehensive Lab and Lecture Final Exams are timed. 
  4. Course Requirements
    1. 10 multiple-choice quizzes
    2. 4 current science article write-ups and associated class discussion
    3. 10 total lab assignments
    4. 3 non-cumulative multiple-choice chapter tests
    5. 1 cumulative multiple-choice final exam
  5. Information on Books and Other Course Materials
    1. Required Book:  Biology in Focus, 2nd Edition by Urry, et al. ISBN – 0-321-96275-3
    2. Lab materials are provided
  6. Grading Breakdown:
    Articles…….….………….………………………………………………...…...15%
    Quizzes………………….………………………………………………….…...10%
    Lab………………………………………………………………………..……..25%
    Chapter Tests…………….….………………………………………………...25%
    Final Exam……………………………………………………………………….25%
  7. Other Policies, Procedures and important dates. Please refer to the WTC Catalog for the following
    1. Campus Calendar
    2.  Final exam schedule
    3. How to drop a class
    4. Withdrawal information
    5. Student Conduct/Academic Integrity
    6. Students with disabilities
  8. Course Content

Chapters Covered

Sections Covered

1 – Evolution and the Foundations of Biology

Common themes of life, evolution’s role in the unity and diversity of life, the scientific method

2 – The Chemical Context of Life

Chemical elements and compounds, form and function of molecules, chemical reactions, unique properties of water

3 – Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life

Carbon chemistry, polymers and monomers, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, genomics and proteomics

4 – A Tour of the Cell

Tools for studying cells, compartmentalization, the nucleus and ribosomes, the endomembrane system, mitochondria and chloroplasts, the cytoskeleton, extracellular components

5 – Membrane Transport and Cell Signaling

Fluid mosaic model, membrane structure, passive transport, active transport, bulk transport, cell signaling

6 – An Introduction to Metabolism

Function of metabolism, free-energy and metabolism, ATP, enzymes, enzyme regulation

7 – Cellular Respiration and Fermentation

Catabolic pathways, glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, electron transport chain, fermentation

8 - Photosynthesis

Chemical basis of photosynthesis, light reactions, dark reactions

9 – The Cell Cycle

Somatic cell division, the cell cycle, cell cycle regulation

10 – Meiosis and Sexual Lifecycles

Chromosomal inheritance, purpose of meiosis, stages of meiosis, genetic variation

11 – Mendel and the Gene Idea

Mendel’s laws of inheritance, inheritance probability, non-Mendelian inheritance, human inheritance patterns

12 – The Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance

Behavior of chromosomes, sex-linked inheritance, linked genes, basis for genetic disorders

13 – The Molecular Basis of Inheritance

DNA as genetic material, DNA replication, structure of chromosomes, genetic engineering

14 – Gene Expression: From Gene to Protein

The genetic code, transcription, post-transcriptional modification, translation, effects of mutations

15 – Regulation of Gene Expression

Bacterial transcription regulation, eukaryotic gene regulation, noncoding RNA, gene expression research

16 – Development, Stem Cells, and Cancer

Cellular differentiation, cloning, causes of cancer

18 – Genomes and Their Evolution

Human genome project, bioinformatics, genomics, eukaryotic genomes, genome evolution, comparing genomes

19 – Descent with Modification

Darwinian basis of evolutionary thought, natural selection, evolutionary evidences

20 - Phylogeny

Evolutionary relationships, morphological and molecular phylogenies, constructing phylogenies, molecular clocks, evolutionary history

21 – The Evolution of Populations

Genetic variation, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, driving forces of population evolution, importance of natural selection

22 – The Origin of Species

Definition of species, speciation events, reproductive isolation, rate of speciation

23 – Broad Patterns of Evolution

The fossil record, influences on speciation and extinction rates, causes of major evolutionary changes, direction of evolution

 

 

Last Modified: August 25, 2017